Materials science or materials engineering is a multidisciplinary field that includes the properties of the material and its applications in different fields of science and engineering. This science examines the relationship between the structure of the material and its properties. It therefore comprises elements of applied physics and chemistry, as well as chemical, mechanical, civil and electrical engineering. And with growing media interest in nanotechnology. Nanotechnology In recent years, the science of materials has become the forerunner of science in many universities. It is also an important part of the legal and legal engineering of Shari'ah, namely the study of failed products and their components.
The material used in any era of the ages is what defines the name of this age, there was the Stone Age, the Bronze Age as examples. Materials science is one of the oldest forms of engineering and applied science.
History and Evolution of Materials Science
In material science, rather than randomly searching for new materials and trying to explore their properties, the object is to understand materials materially so that new materials can be created that have the desired qualities. The basis of materials science involves linking the required specifications and the relative performance of a material in a specific application to the structure of the atoms and the states of matter through the characterization process.
The most important determinants of the structure of the material and therefore its properties are its constituent chemical elements and the way in which they were processed to reach the final image. These factors, if dealt with together and linked to the laws of thermodynamics, they govern the micro structure or microscopic of the material and thus its properties.
Division of Materials
The general materials can be divided into three sections: metals, polymers, ceramic ceramics. Each section has its characteristic physical and chemical properties.
Objectives of Mineralogy Engineering
To be able to apply the principles and fundamentals of engineering materials in terms of design, manufacturing and selection of materials, including metallic, ceramic, polymeric, overlapping materials.
To be able to inspect engineering materials to avoid and avoid.
To be able to characterize engineering materials with their properties, mechanical, thermal, magnetic, chemical, electrical, and photovoltaic.
They are able to write, deliver and follow up scientific knowledge in engineering fields, whether in Arabic or English, and using computer and the Internet.
To be able to communicate with various industrial establishments in the field of specialization.
Has the ability to understand and apply the principles of economic knowledge in the engineering field.
The distinguished Turkish universities in the field of metallurgy engineering
University of Gedek