It is a vast and complex engineering field that combines electrical engineering, electronics engineering and communications engineering:
- • The first branch: electrical and electronics engineering and engineering specialization interested in the study and applications of the science of electricity, electronics and electromagnetic fields. This area became known in the late 19th century after the spread of the Telegraph and power stations. Now it covers a number of sub-topics including energy, electronics, automated control systems, signal processing and wireless communications.
- • Branch II: one of the branches of electronic engineering, which is interested in the development and manufacture of electronic components such as: capacitor, induction and semiconductor elements such as diode and transistor.
- • Section 3: Communications Engineering, which is related to all topics of digital and analog communications. They include electrical and electromagnetic signals, transmission methods, and treatment.
The communication system usually consists of transmitter, receiver and communication channel. Communication Engineering These three components are studied in detail:
- • Sender: is the unit that takes the information and prepares it to send it through the channel, and here the inclusion occurs.
- • Channel: the medium in which signals and informatics (such as air in the case of broadcasting) are transmitted.
- • The receiver: the receiver of the signals, in which the processing of the signals is removed and displayed again.
Communications & Electronics Engineer
The Department of Communications and Electronics Engineering is one of the branches of the Department of Electrical Engineering. There are those who specialize in the Department of Energy Electricity, and there are those who specialize in communications and electronics, and the various fields of work Engineer Communications and Electronics, so we will try to shed light on the most important areas:
Field of mobile networks
The communications engineers have many roles to work in the field of mobile networks. There are those who work on the site and there are those who work in programming and there is a role in the stage of construction and installation, and perhaps the most important of these works:
Site Maintenance Engineer Field Maintenance Engineer
The role of the site maintenance engineer is concentrated in the maintenance of mobile towers, which are responsible for the access of the mobile network to the surrounding areas. When a malfunction occurs in any of these towers, the engineer concerned in that area will discover the cause of the accident and take the necessary measures to eliminate the fault. Of course, it has equipment to assist with measurements and analysis, such as a laptop equipped with communication software, and an aviometer to detect electrical faults and other devices. It is usual to be the site engineer is more familiar with the work of hardware than other communications engineers working in the field of mobile.
And is responsible for the planning necessary to build a network with high efficiency and good coverage, so its role in the identification of places need to erect new portable towers, and places that need updates with their own devices, and of course be in contact with different disciplines of engineers to provide the correct information for Access to good results.
Test Engineer Drive Test Engineer
Its mission is to conduct field visits to mobile tower sites and to take technical measurements of the towers' networks and collect such information for analysis and evaluation and to take the necessary action to achieve as stable a network as possible.
The data collected by the test engineer shall be collected in order to carry out the analytical and evaluation role of such data and information. It shall be processed and further tested, and there shall be continuous collaboration and cooperation with the Test Test Engineer.
There are also other disciplines in the mobile field, such as: Transmission Engineer, which focuses on the BTSs and RF Engineer's communication signals, which specialize in connection settings, communication settings, and other tasks.
This is also a major area in which the communications engineer specializes in network and network protection, but requires certification such as CCNA, CCNP, CCIE, and so on.
There are different degrees in which a network engineer works. At the novice level, you can find an area where the network engineer works almost everywhere, such as small companies, training centers, etc. In order to obtain the CCNA certification, the Cisco Certified Network Associate The level of competition from those who obtained the certificate from non-engineers.
At the top level, you find jobs for the network engineer in large companies in the field of ISP or so called Internet Service Provider, and the companies that work in this area mostly do not specify other communications engineers working in the field of networks, and to include more certificates such as CCNP or CISCO Certified Network Professional. This certification requires several tests.
Network Security Engineer
This requires an engineer to be a network engineer. This is a highly demanding and sensitive area, given the responsibility of those who work on network security and the sensitive information that a hacker can get through.
When it is responsible for protecting the data of a large bank, for example, such information is of great value and the responsibility for protecting it is very high. The most important certificates in the area of network protection are CCIE or CISCO Certified Internetwork Expert.
Instrumentation Engineer and Control Instrumentation and Control Engineer
In which the engineer is responsible for the various measuring devices at the plant site, such as pressure measurements, temperature, level, rates of surges, densities and other measurements. It is also responsible for controlling the valves and gates controlling the production lines of the factory. These operations are characterized by a high risk rate. Caution is the predominant characteristic of these actions due to handling hazardous chemicals, high pressures and high temperatures up to 2000 ° C. Is to follow the instructions of industrial security for the safety of personnel and equipment.
Control System Engineer
Here, the engineer is responsible for the factory-controlled system. In large factories, DCS is the most widely used and convenient because of its ability to deal with the large number of signals that exist in large factories. The control systems engineer has a programmable role, Add new circuits to production lines. In some companies we may find that the engineer in charge is working together, devices and control systems.
The field of programming and the manufacture of electronic circuits
This is the area in which the communications and electronics engineer works in the electronic circuits industry, and this field has been his favorite since the school stage. The most important subjects for this field are Electronics, Micro-Controller, Analog Design and Digital Design. Those who find that passion in the heart of the electronic circuit industry do not hesitate to enter this field, and there are two specializations, the first is for the electronic circuitry industry and its design, and the other is for programming, in which the electronics engineer works with software companies that create programs to help the work of these electronic circuits.
Medical devices field
In which the communications and electronics engineer works in the field of maintenance of medical devices, and works with companies specialized in medical devices, which supply these devices to hospitals and specialized centers, and this field is more popular in the Gulf countries than other Arab countries.
Turkey's distinguished universities in electronics and communications engineering
- • University of Dogush