Materials Science and Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is a very small unit of measurement, where the nanometer is equal to 1 million millimeters, which is impossible to see with the naked eye or some simple amplifiers. Nano is used in atomic measurements to determine the size of the molecules in the material. The science that studies the possibility of changing the material at the level of nanotechnology, in order to produce new materials or advanced devices to serve the interests of human in different fields. It should be noted that the term nanotechnology from the old scientific terms touched by the world Richer Veneman in 1959 during a lecture in the Gem American physicist, since he said there was a lot of space inside the atom, but it was not taken seriously at that time.

Uses of Nanotechnology
The medical field
Scientists have been able to make precision blood-size machines to treat many surgical conditions, such as arterial blockages and tumors. Italian researcher Silvano Dragoniere of the University of Bari has invented an electronic nose using carbon nanotubes that diagnose cancer by Analyze the air that comes out of the lungs during exhalation.

Aviation field
NASA has created precision nanotechnology machines to inject them into the bodies of astronauts to monitor the health of their bodies and deal with them immediately without sending a doctor.

Energy field
Production of storage batteries that store large amounts of energy and for long periods, thus producing clean, low-cost, non-oil-based cars.

A smart clothing industry that produces energy, removes dirt and germs by itself, as well as a solid material industry that outperforms steel with light weight, a dust-resistant, heat-resistant glass industry, and a three-dimensional, transparent and flexible display.

Materials science
Materials Science or Materials Engineering is a multidisciplinary field that includes the properties of the material and its applications in various fields of science and engineering. This science examines the relationship between the structure of the material and its properties. It therefore includes elements of applied and chemical chemistry, as well as chemical, mechanical, civil and electrical engineering. With growing media interest in nanoscience and nanotechnology in recent years, material science has become the forerunner of science in many universities. It is also an important part of legitimate engineering and forensic engineering, namely the study of failed products and their components.

The material used in any era of the ages is what defines the name of this age, there was the Stone Age, the Bronze Age as examples. Materials science is one of the oldest forms of engineering and applied science.

History and Evolution of Materials Science
In material science, rather than randomly searching for new materials and trying to explore their properties, the object is to understand materials materially so that new materials can be created that have the desired qualities. The basis of materials science involves linking the required specifications and the relative performance of a material in a specific application to the structure of the atoms and the states of matter through the characterization process. The most important determinants of the structure of the material and therefore its properties are its constituent chemical elements and the way in which they were processed to reach the final image. These factors, if dealt with and linked to the laws of thermodynamics, they govern the structure of micro or microscopic material and therefore its properties.

Division of Materials
Materials can be broadly divided into three sections: metals, polymers and ceramics. Each section has its characteristic physical and chemical properties.

Objectives of Mineralogy Engineering
To be able to apply the principles and fundamentals of engineering materials in terms of design, manufacturing and selection of materials, including metallic, ceramic, polymeric, overlapping materials.
To be able to inspect engineering materials to avoid and prevent it.
To be able to characterize engineering materials with their microscopic, mechanical, thermal, magnetic, chemical, electrical, and optical properties.
To be able to write, deliver and follow up the scientific knowledge in the fields of engineering, whether in Arabic or English and using the computer and the Internet.
To be able to communicate with various industrial establishments in the field of specialization.
Has the ability to understand and apply the principles of economic knowledge in the engineering field.
Turkey's distinguished universities in the field of materials science and nanotechnology
University of Sabanga
University of